Quick Facts about Chrysanthemums
- This article was last updated on 03/10/2017
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Chrysanthemums are gorgeous flowering plants that many choose for their homes. The main reason to grow Chrysanthemums are hose beautiful, bright flowers that bloom in many colors. Chrysanthemums are actually herbaceous plants that can be both annual and perennial. It actually depends on the variety.
Chrysanthemums are gorgeous plants with a rich history. They were originally cultivated in China around the 15th century BC. During this time, the plant was used mainly as an herb and leaves were used for eating. Several centuries later, the plant migrated to Japan. This is a plant that did well in the temperate climate of Asia.
Today, Chrysanthemum is a common house and garden plant. It looks beautiful because of its flowers. It is also a common gift plant. It is particularly popular in the US. However, it is less popular in Europe as a houseplant because it is mainly used as flowers on cemeteries.
Keep in mind that there are many Chrysanthemum types so they need a special classification system. The classification is based on the flowers. Chrysanthemum petals are florets with both sex parts. There are ray flowers and disc florets, so the classification depends on the type of florets that a specific variety has as well as some additional parameters.
Annual vs. perennial Chrysanthemum – which one is better? It is important to note that both are beautiful so it might not make much of a difference for you. If you simply want to use Chrysanthemums for some seasonal color, you may go with an annual species. However, if you want to enjoy this plant for more than one year you need to get a perennial species.
A great thing about perennial Chrysanthemums is that they are very easy to grow and they will keep producing blooms year after year. This is great for those who want to enjoy these flowers for a longer time.
There are hardy species of Chrysanthemums and these are the perennial ones. If you want your Chrysanthemum to come back after winter you need to choose one of these perennial, hardy species. The other species are annual and will last for only one year.
Sometimes, it is difficult to tell what kind of a Chrysanthemum you actually have. After all, they all look very similar to each other. This is why it’s so important to ask at the garden center or wherever you buy your Chrysanthemums. If you are unsure and can’t get an answer about the species you have, the only way to go is to wait until spring. If there are renewing leaves growing from the soil, you have a hardy variety which is a perennial. If not, your Chrysanthemum is an annual one.
The main species of annual Chrysanthemum is Chrysanthemum multicaule while the most popular form of perennial Chrysanthemum is the one that flowers in the fall, known as Chrysanthemum x morifolium.
It may be difficult or even impossible to identify which species you have. There are subtle differences you can use to try to guess the variety of the plant you have. Annual Chrysanthemums typically have thinner, strappy leaves. These are not as toothed as those that perennials have. Perennials have leaves that are wider and deeply notched.
Another difference is that perennial plants that are typically grown in gardens tend to have smaller flowers that the annual species that are generally grown in pots. However, keep in mind that these differences may be too subtle to be able to differentiate between annual and perennial Chrysanthemums.
Here are some quick and basic tips on how to care for perennial Chrysanthemums: