Once you know how to choose the best fruit tree variety, it’s important to know how to plant it properly. Fall is a great time to plant a fruit tree because it gives it enough time to recover before the intense growth the next spring.
One thing you need to know is that planting a fruit tree is a surprisingly easy. All you need to do is to be careful and follow a few simple instructions. You don’t really have to be a gardening pro to do it properly.
Tips for Planting Trees
Here are the most important steps you need to take when planting a fruit tree:
- Make sure to dig the planting hole that is deep and wide enough. It should be about 2-3 times the diameter of the the container the tree came in and about 1 ½ times the depth of said container.
- Before you start planting, make sure to mix in some compost in the planting hole. This is the best way to get your tree off to a good start. Make sure to mix back in equal amounts of compost and soil to the bottom of the hole.
- Once this is done, place the tree in the hole. Start filling up with soil and compost. You should fill it up enough so the top of the tree’s root ball sits about an inch or so above the top of the hole.
- Water the root ball generously. Make sure to use a few gallons of water.
- Fill in around the rest of the hole using equal amounts of compost and coil. Start filling in until the tree is completely plants. It’s planted when the base of the trunk is just above the ground level and all of the root ball is fully covered. This will allow the tree to get properly established and it will also ensure good drainage.
- After the tree is planted, add about 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the tree trunk. The mulch can be made of shredded hardwood, straw, shredded leaves and similar material. This will help the tree retain moisture and it will protect the root ball during winter.
If you’re planting multiple trees, make sure to space them properly. Dwarf trees should be planted 8 to 10 feet apart and at least 12 feet between rows. Semi-dwarf varieties should be spaced about 10 to 12 feet apart and 14 to 16 feet between rows. For full size trees the spacing should be even greater, but it depends on the individual variety. Always read the label to know how to space your trees. It’s important to ensure that the tree has adequate growing space.
Caring for Fruit Trees
Once the fruit tree is planted you need to take a good care of it in order to make it thrive. Here are some tips:
- It’s important to water your tree throughout the fall. You need to apply a few gallons of water around the root zone unless there is heavy rain.
- If your tree is large enough, consider adding stakes to protect it during winter, especially during heavy winds.