Popular and Useful Herbs to Grow I
Herbs are excellent plants to grow in your garden because they can be used in many different ways and for preparing many different meals. Spice up your recipes and prepare tasty meals with your homegrown herbs.
The best thing about growing herbs is that it doesn’t require much space. You can grow certain herbs even on your kitchen window. Many herbs are very easy to grow, you don’t really need some special skill to be a successful herb gardener.
Here is a list of the most popular herbs you can grow on your own, and also some ideas how to use these herbs in your kitchen. Some of them are very popular and widely used all around the world while the others are lesser known but still very tasty and will add a lot of flavor to your dishes.
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Thyme is probably one of the most popular herbs you can grow. It has heavily scented leaves you can use in many different ways in your kitchen. Some ideas include preparing soups, vegetables, season fish and shellfish, or you may use it for poultry stuffing.
Thyme is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1 foot in height. It is best grown in climate zones 1-24.
Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Another popular herb you can use in many different ways. It will lend a sweet-spicy flavor to your sauces and pesto.
Basil is an annual plant and it can grow around 2 feet in height. It can be grown in basically all climate zones.
This is yet another popular herb. A great advantage to mint is that it can be used in many different ways and it’s also extremely easy to grow it. It is a great herb for beginner gardeners because it doesn’t require much care to thrive.
Mint can be used in teas, salads, cool drinks and soups. Popular ones include peppermint and spearmint. This plant can spread really fast through the underground stems and it can easily be grown in pots. Mint is a perennial that can grow in all climate zones.
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum neapolitanum)
Another very popular herb that will find its use in every home. There are different varieties you can grow. Keep in mind that flat-leafed Italian parsley will add more flavor than the curly-leafed French variety.
Parsley can grow up to 2 or 3 feet in height. It can be grown in all climate zones.
Sage (Salvia officinalis)
Sage has earthy, musky leaves that are great for Italian meat dishes, salads (especially Middle-Eastern ones) and also for poultry stuffing.
This plant forms a mound that is typically 1 to 3 feet tall. It is best grown in climate zones 2-24 and H1-H2.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Rosemary has beautiful, aromatic leaves that can be used in many different ways. They work great in season meats, soups and sauces. There are many varieties to choose from. One of the best varieties many chefs use is “Tuscan Blue”.
“Tuscan Blue” can grow about 7 feet in height. Rosemary should be grown in climate zones 4-24 and H1-H2.
Sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana)
This herb has characteristic oval gray-green leaves. It is a milder and more floral herb than oregano.
This plant is a perennial in zones 8-24 and annual elsewhere. It can grow to about 1-2 feet in height.
Chives is green and glasslike. It has clusters of rose purple or white flowers in the spring. This is a perennial plant and it can grow about 12 to 24 inches in height. It is best grown in climate zones 1-24 and H1-H2.
Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum)
Cilantro has fresh and tasty leaves that will add some great flavor to salsa and guacamole. This is an annual plant that grows around 1 ½ feet in height. It can grow in all climate zones but it requires shade in the hottest climates.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare)
Oregano has really tasty leaves you can use fresh or dried. It will add some spice to many Spanish and Italian dishes such as pizza and ravioli.
Oregano plant can grow around 2½ feet tall. This is a perennial plant and it grows best in climate zones 1–24.
Dill (Anethum graveolens)
Dill has feathery leaves you can sprinkle on grilled fish, sauces and salads. This is an annual plant and it can grow around 4 feet in height. It should be grown in climate zones 1-24.
French tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
French tarragon can be used both fresh and dried. It works great in salads and cooked dishes. This is a sprawling perennial that grows about 2 feet in height. It best grows in climate zones A1-A3, 2B-10 and 14-24.
Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium)
This herb has leaves that have a flavor similar to that of a parsley with some overtones of anise flavor. It can be used in soups or salads. It grows best in climate zones 1-24.
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)
Lemongrass is a nice plant that pumps out grassy foliage you can use in your dishes. The foliage is characteristic by its strong lemon scent. It is a very popular herb for many Southeast Asian dishes.
This plant grows best in frost-free climates. It will thrive in zones 12-13, 16-17, 23-24 and H1-H2.
Hoja santa (Piper auritum)
Hoja santa (pronounced “oh-ha sahn-ta”) means “sacred leaf.” When leaves of this herb are chopped, they can be used in many different dishes. The most popular dishes that use Hoja santa to add some zest to them are green sauce (mole verde) and tamales in Mexican cousine.
This plant can reach about 6 feet in height. It is best grown in sunset climate zones: 8-9 and 14-24.
Shiso (Perilla frutescens)
This plant has interesting leaves that taste a bit like mint or cinnamon. They will add some great flavor to your salads.
This is a warm-season annual that can grow about 2 to 3 feet in height. It can be grown in all climate zones.
“Kieffer” lime (Citrus hystrix)
This plant is often sold as “Kaffir lime”. It is commonly used in Thai kitchen. Its leaves are used in salads, soups and stir-fries.
This is a tree that can grow about 16 feet in height. It needs protection from wind and frost. It should be grown in zones 8-9, 12-24 and H1-H2.
Epazote (Chenopodium ambrosioides)
This plant has aromatic leaves. The scent and taste of the leaves remind of fennel and anise. You may use them fresh or dried to add some flavor to season black beans, enchiladas and tamales.
This is a perennial plant in climate zones 8-9 and 14-24 and it’s annual elsewhere. It can grow about 2 feet in height.