Vegetables

Recommended Tomato Varieties II

Tomato Crops

When deciding on the best variety for your garden, the time to mature is one of the most important factors. Known as “days to harvest”, this time gives you an estimate on when you’ll be able to harvest your tomatoes.

Generally speaking, day to harvest are determined from the time transplants are planted in the garden, to the day they are ready to be harvested. Based on this criteria, there are many different variety groups, often classified by color and plant size, such as:

  • First-Early Red
  • Medium-Early Red
  • Main-Crop Red
  • Extra-Large Red
  • Yellow or Orange
  • Pink
  • Red Paste Types
  • Small Fruited/Salad Varieties
  • Dwarf/Container Varieties

First Early Red (60 or fewer days to harvest)

These varieties are known for compact plant growth than the main season varieties. These tomatoes are known for sunburning during the hot weather, so it’s one thing to keep in mind. The main crop varieties are typically superior for summer long harvest, so it’s something you need to keep in mind.

On the other hand, first early varieties are ideal for northern areas. In these climate areas, the growing seasons are shorter, with cooler summers. The summer in these areas is not hot enough to cause tomatoes to sunburn. These varieties are known for their small to medium-sized, bright red fruit. They are usually not suitable for pruning, so it’s another thing to keep in mind. The most popular varieties of this type are:

  • Sub Arctic Plenty. They need 45 days to harvest. These varieties weight 3 to 4 ounces. Typically, the fruit is concentrated in center clusters. Determinate type.
  • Early Cascade. They need 55 days to harvest. These tomatoes weight 4 ounces. This is as trailing plant and it produces large fruit clusters. Indeterminate type.
  • Early Girl. It needs 54 days to harvest. These tomatoes weight 5 ounces. It’s earliest full size tomato variety. Indeterminate type.
  • Quick Pick. It takes 60 days to mature. These plants weight 4 ounces. They give round, smooth, heavy fruits. Indeterminate type.

Medium-Early Red (60 to 69 days to harvest)

These varieties are intermediate between very early types and the sounder plant types. They also have characteristics between the early types and the main crop types. Medium early varieties are where the real tomato harvest season begins. The most popular varieties include:

  • Champion. This variety takes 65 days to harvest. It weights 10 ounces. This variety has solid, smooth, large fruit. Indeterminate type.
  • Mountain Spring. It takes 65 days to mature. The fruit weights 9 ounces. They have globe, very smooth fruit. Determinate type.

Main-Crop Red

Most of these varieties produce medium sized to large fruit. These main crop varieties have adequate foliage cover and are usually free from fruit cracking as well as some other deformities. They can be growing on mulch, on trellis or in wire cages. Also, many of them can be pruned and trained to stakes. These varieties make up the bulk of the main crop harvest. They have superior yield, a great staying power in the garden and their fruit is of the great quality. Some of the most popular varieties include:

  • Celebrity. They take 70 days to harvest. These tomatoes weight 10 ounces. They produce large, productive fruits. Determinate type.
  • Mountain Delight. This variety take 70 days to harvest. They weight 10 ounces. They have no green shoulders. Determinate type.
  • Fantastic. These tomatoes take 70 days to harvest. They weight 9 ounces. They have deep globe, with high yield. Indeterminate type.
  • Better Boy. It takes 72 days to harvest. They weight 12 ounces. They are easy-to-find plants. Indeterminate type.
  • Mountain Pride. It takes 74 days to harvest. It weights 10 ounces. It has smooth, flat globe. Determinate type.
  • Floramerica. This type takes 75 days to harvest. This tomato weights 12 ounces. This is All America Selection winner. It produces bright red fruit. Determinate type.
  • Burpee’s Big Girl. It takes 78 days to mature. It weights 16 ounces. This is crack-resistant plant with attractive fruit. Indeterminate type.
  • Supersonic. This variety takes 79 days to mature. It weights 12 ounces. It is solid and crack resistant. Indeterminate type.

Extra-Large Red

These varieties take relatively long time to mature and produce extremely large fruit. At the same time, the fruit can be misshapen, with rough scar tissue (“cat facing”) the the blossom end. In many cases, this scar tissue must be cut away, so some of the benefits of growing extra large varieties is lost. On the other hand, these varieties are typically grown not because of the plentiful yield but for the novelty of having fruit of this huge size. There are also some of the new hybrid large types, such as Supersteakand Beefmasterhave, have fruit with more consistent shape. Some of the most popular varieties include:

  • Delicious. It takes 77 days to harvest. It weights over 1 lb, with world record 7 lb. 12 oz.Indeterminate type.
  • Supersteak. These tomatoes take 80 days to harvest. They weight 1 to 2 lb. These are extra meaty tomatoes. Indeterminate type.
  • Beefmaster. It takes 81 days to mature. They weight 1 to 2 lb. They are very large. Indeterminate type.
Tomato Crops

Yellow or Orange Varieties

It’s often believed that yellow and orange tomato varieties are significantly lover in acid content. However, this is not true. Yellow and orange varieties are equally safe to process or can. They often taste sweeter than the red varieties, because they have a higher sugar content. Modern varieties typically have a shorter maturity time and a better plant growth characteristics than the older yellow and orange varieties. The most popular varieties include:

  • Mountain Gold. They take 70 days to harvest. They weight 8 ounces. This variety has deep tangerine orange color. Determinate type.
  • Lemon Boy. It takes 72 days to mature. It weights 7 ounces. This variety has lemon yellow color and mild flavor. Indeterminate type.
  • Jubilee. It takes 72 days to mature. It weights 8 ounces. This variety has deep orange-yellow color. Indeterminate type.
  • Golden Boy. This variety takes 80 days to mature. It weights 8 ounces. It has deep golden fruit with few seeds. Indeterminate type.

Pink Varieties

These varieties are popular in certain regions. They are similar to yellow and orange tomato varieties when it comes to maturity and plant type. There are some recent varieties made to be disease-resistant and with very attractive fruit. However, some of the older types still tend to be better when it comes to eating quality. The most popular varieties include:

  • Pink Girl. It takes 76 days to harvest. It weights 7 ounces. The fruit is smooth and crack resistant. Indeterminate type.
  • Brandywine. This variety takes 80 days to mature. It weights 12 ounces. It produces large, rough fruit. It’s heirloom variety with juicy fruit of great taste. Indeterminate type.

Other Colors and Types

There are some tomato varieties with odd color and types. They have been around for a long time and they are growing in popularity. Also, due to this rise in popularity, some almost forgotten tomato varieties have been “rediscovered”. Some of the most popular odd color tomato varieties include:

  • White Wonder. It takes 85 days to harvest. It weights 8 ounces. This variety has creamy white flesh and skin. Indeterminate type.
  • Evergreen. This variety takes 85 days to harvest. It weights 8 ounces. It has green skin tinged with yellow. It’s flesh bright green at maturity. Indeterminate type.
  • Long Keeper. It takes 78 days to harvest. It weights 6 ounces. It has orange skin and orange-red flesh. The fruit is solid and can last for weeks. Indeterminate type.
  • Yellow Stuffer. It takes 80 days to harvest. It weights 4 ounces. It’s lobed, lemon yellow in color and shaped like pepper. It’s also semi-hollow so it’s easy to stuff. Indeterminate type.

Red Paste Types

Paste tomato varieties are typically used for making paste, sauces, catsup and for canning whole. They have a solid, meaty and low-moisture flesh, which makes processing these tomatoes easier. Some of them are even popular for eating fresh. Typically, these are short plant types and they tend to set up a large load of fruit in a short time. They ripen a large proportion of the fruit at once.

This is a bonus for paste tomatoes since processing is typically done in large lots. The most popular tomato varieties of this type include:

  • Veeroma. This variety takes 72 days to harvest. It weights 2 to 3 ounces. This is early Roma type, with a deep square shape. Determinate type.
  • Roma. It takes 75 days to harvest. It weights 2 ounces. It’s fruit is standard red plum, tolerant to early blight. Determinate type.
  • San Marzano. It takes 80 days to harvest. It weights 3 ounces. It’s deep red, crack resistant, meaty and dry. Determinate type.
  • Viva Italia. This variety takes 80 days to harvest. It weights 3 ounces. It’s meaty, sweet and can be eaten fresh. Determinate type.

Small-Fruited/Salad Varieties

These varieties are know for their vigorous growing and are very productive. They can vary in size from 1 to 1-1/2 inches in diameter. These varieties are usually suitable for pruning. These plants have a very high production, so picking all the fruit may become tedious. To speed up the harvesting process, whole clusters may sometimes be picked at once. These varieties are usually very sweet and tasty. The most popular varieties of this type include:

  • Super Sweet 100. It takes 70 days to harvest. The fruit is red, cherry-sized. Indeterminate type.
  • Sweet Million. It takes 65 days to harvest. It has red, sweet, crack resistant fruit. Indeterminate type.
  • Yellow Pear. This variety takes 70 days to harvest. It produces clusters of yellow, pear-shaped fruit. Indeterminate type.
  • Large Red Cherry. This variety takes 70 days to harvest. It has solid, deep red, tasty fruit. Indeterminate type.
  • Mountain Belle. It takes 65 days to mature. It has red, crack resistant fruit. It ripens uniformly and holds on the vine. Determinate type.

Dwarf/Container Varieties

These small fruit varieties are usually grown in containers, hanging baskets or in small gardens. Many of them are grown on patios. They are ideal for those who have only limited space. They also have a great ornamental value. These fruit come in red and some other colors. These varieties are not suitable for pruning (save for the new Husky hybrids). The most popular varieties include:

  • Tiny Tim. It takes 45 days to harvest. It’s an extremely dwarf variety, with red cherry fruit. Determinate type.
  • Cherry Gold. It takes 45 days to harvest. This is the golden version of Tiny Tim. Determinate type.
  • Red Robin. This variety takes 55 days to harvest. It’s a super-dwarf plant and can grow about 6 inches in height. The fruit has mild taste. Determinate type.
  • Yellow Canary. It takes 55 days to harvest. It’s very similar to Red Robin, but has yellow fruit. Determinate type.
  • Pixie Hybrid II. It takes 52 days to harvest. This is a compact dwarf plant. Determinate type.
  • Patio Hybrid. It takes 65 days to harvest. It’s a very strong dwarf plant with a relatively large fruit. It’s an ideal container plant. Determinate type.
  • Small Fry. This variety takes 72 days to harvest. It has bright red fruit. It’s great for hanging baskets. Determinate type.
  • Husky Red Hybrid. It takes 68 days to harvest. It’s a dwarf plant with large fruit. It has extended harvest. Indeterminate type.
  • Husky Gold Hybrid. It takes 70 days to harvest. It’s the same plant types as Red and Pink, only with gold fruit. Indeterminate type.
  • Husky Pink Hybrid. This variety takes 72 days to harvest. It has smooth pink fruit on same husky-type plant. Indeterminate type.

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